When we talk of a national park, it is not only the land that makes up this place. It also includes all the people who live in and around these parks. The National Parks are places where you can enjoy nature at its best. You will find many different animals living there. Some of them have been brought to the park by humans while others were born naturally. Some species cannot be found anywhere else on earth. They are called endemic or native species. These include plants, birds, reptiles, insects, etc.
In addition to these, there are other creatures like mammals, amphibians, fish, invertebrates, mollusks, crustaceans, arachnids, annelid worms, echinoderms, cephalopods, and even microbes! All these creatures make their home inside the park boundaries. However, they do not stay for long because they need food and water. So, when they leave the park, they go back to their natural habitat.
This means that if you want to see any particular animal, then you must visit the park during the time when it lives there. For example, if you wish to see an elephant, then you should plan your trip so that you reach the park before sunrise. During this period, elephants come out from their hiding spots and start grazing. If you arrive after this, chances are that you won’t get to see one.
Similarly, if you want to spot a tiger, then you should try visiting the park between October and March. Tigers spend most of their time sleeping during the winter months. But once spring arrives, they wake up and begin hunting for prey.
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Asia National Parks
The Asia region has more than 30 countries with over 100 national parks. Each country has its own set of rules regarding entry into the parks. Many of these parks are located along with the Himalayan range. Most of these parks are protected areas. That’s why they offer visitors great opportunities to view wildlife. Here are some of the famous Asian national parks:
Kaziranga National Park – Located in Assam state, India, this park was established in 1936. It covers about 2200 square kilometers. Its name comes from the local language Kazi meaning ‘forest’. Today, it is known as the world’s largest swamp forest. More than 400 kinds of trees grow here including sal forests, bamboo groves, teak plantations, tropical rainforests, mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, marshes, ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, wetlands, and meadows.
Borneo Rain Forest Reserve – Founded in 1963, this reserve is situated near Sabah state in Malaysia. Covering almost 30000 hectares, it contains several types of vegetation such as lowland dipterocarp forests, montane evergreen forests, peatlands, riverine forests, coastal lagoons, mangrove swampland, freshwater marshy flood plains, and limestone hills.
Europe National Parks
In Europe, there are two main regions namely Northern Europe and Southern Europe. Both of these regions contain numerous national parks. The most popular parks in this region include
Fjords Norway – One of the oldest national parks in the world, this park was founded in 1911. Covering an area of 6300 km², it lies right next to the Norwegian Sea. It consists mainly of glaciers, mountains, fjords, valleys, islands, bays, cliffs, caves, and beaches.
Lake District England – Established in 1951, this park is spread across three counties; Cumbria, Lancashire, and
Africa National Parks
Africa has numerous national parks. Amongst them, South Africa boasts of Kruger National Park. Other notable ones include Serengeti National Park, Etosha National Park.
North America National Parks
In North America, Canada has three major national parks namely Banff, Jasper, Yoho. Mexico has four national parks namely Chichen Itza, Cobá, Palenque, Tulum. The USA has five national parks namely Acadia, Arches, Canyonlands, Denali, Glacier Bay.
South America National Parks
Amongst the various national parks in South America, Brazil has the highest number.
National parks provide us with many benefits like providing clean air, freshwater, scenic beauty, etc. They also help conserve our natural resources. So, visit one or all of your favorite national parks!